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How to Make a Fishing Hook

Fish hooks are one of the essential elements of any fishing rod. Their purpose is to pierce fish’s mouth with minimal damage; different models offer various points and gaps for accommodating various fish sizes.

A gorge hook can be made out of thick plant thorns or wood pieces depending on what materials are available to you, so saving tabs from beverage cans is also recommended for this project.


Material choice when crafting fishing hooks can have a substantial effect on its strength and durability. Most fishing hooks are constructed using metal; however, others can be created from bones, wood or even household materials. Material choice of hooks is of critical importance as they determine their penetration abilities and pressure-bearing capacities when used by fish. Furthermore, hooks come in various gauges, sizes and finishes which further customize how easily they can be played by these aquatic predators. Gauge refers to the thickness of a hook; thicker hooks will be more resistant to bending when placed into fish mouths, and hook finishes can make an impactful statement as some come coated in vibrant hues for increased attraction or others with durable finishes that resist corrosion from saltwater environments.

Wire is the go-to material for crafting fishing hooks, but other materials like bone, wood or thorns may also work. One of the oldest fishing hook designs known as a “gorge hook,” which still makes use today, was invented to prevent fish from escaping their mouth horizontally by lodgement with sharpened ends that tie it directly onto fishing line – known as a “gorge hook.” This wooden piece can get lodged horizontally into their mouth preventing escape attempts from happening!

To create a gorge hook, you’ll need a stick about 1/3 the length and thickness of your pinky finger. First remove any bark that remains and sharpen both ends before cutting a shallow notch in the middle all the way around. Tie fishing line to this notch before baiting with the hook; fish should then swallow it horizontally into its throat until you can reel it back in.

No matter the type of hook you’re making, various tools will likely be required; most should be easily available. For metal fish hooks you’ll require needle nose pliers, 18 gauge wire, wire cutters and needle-nose pliers with which you can form it into hook shape with needle nose pliers before creating an eyelet at one end using wire cutters; using needle nose pliers create a sharp point at one end which you then bend into hook form using needle nose pliers before closing up with another pair of needle nose pliers which will close off an end point created by wire cutters; once complete you will need another pair of needle nose pliers so your line passes through to feed back onto itself – once your hook is complete you need something similar a pair of needle nose pliers created at one end to close off an eyelet at its top where your line enters through to thread through again before closing it off with another pair of pliers which creates an opening at its base where your line passes through for line passageway.


Fishing hooks have a very basic shape. Though there may be minor variations to accommodate various fishing baits and lures, its core structure remains consistent. A fishing hook resembles an eyeless needle with one sharp end protruding out from its shank and another protruding out at the bottom; these sharp points should pierce through fish mouths when casting off your line.

This part of a fishing hook is critical in creating success; its point must be strong enough to penetrate fish mouths while remaining sharp enough for an effortless hookset. Anglers commonly opt for steel, stainless steel, or even tungsten hook points as these materials have proven more resilient in ensuring maximum durability.

Dependent upon the size and species of fish being pursued, you may wish to use a curved hook point. This helps your hook set more easily by landing in an exposed surface such as near the corner of their mouth; also less likely to get swallowed by larger specimens!

Eye shape is another significant component of a hook’s success, serving to transfer pulling force from fishing line onto its body and transmitting that energy directly into its shape. You have various options when choosing an eye to accommodate whatever bait or lure you’re fishing with.

Common types of hooks include the worm hook, treble hook and jig hook. Worm hooks tend to be wider than other hooks to accommodate for larger plastic baits while treble and jig hooks typically fit smaller baits more effectively.

If you don’t want to invest in a special hook making kit, alternative hook making methods exist. One such method involves fashioning either a bone or safety pin hook using various parts. For a bone hook, gently break off one of a wishbone’s “legs”, and carve a point beneath its “V” section using a knife.


Hook selection depends heavily upon its size and shape; choosing one with optimal sharpness will reduce missed strikes and lost fish. There is a range of hook styles designed to suit various baits and fishing conditions – some common examples include:

Size of a hook is determined by its gap (distance between point and shank) which is given as a number; higher numbers indicate larger hooks. A #22 hook, used for tying flies, may have only an eighth of an inch gap while #6 hooks with quarter inch gaps can help you catch more fish than ever!

Hooks can also be classified based on their width. Wide-gape hooks feature wider gaps than traditional ones of equal size; 2X wide or 3X wide are common descriptions for such models. Wide gape hooks also help avoid deep hooking that can result in organ damage as well as speed up de-hooking times significantly.

Hooks can also be classified by their shank length, which can be an influential factor when selecting an ideal hook for bait or fishing situations. Long shank hooks tend to be more durable, enabling them to withstand being bent and retrieved without snapping, as well as adding weight when pulled through water for natural action when pulling bait through.

Hook shafts can also be customized, offering longer or shorter shank options. Some hooks even come equipped with markings denoting that their shaft length exceeds that of standard for their size, such as 2x long hooks having double the length as usual (in other words).

Other varieties of hooks include egg hooks, which feature a short shank and wide gap to accommodate bait such as salmon eggs, dough balls, corn or other prepared baits. Circle hooks offer additional advantages by decreasing hooking depth and speeding de-hooking times; therefore improving fish survivability when catch and release fishing.


Strength of a hook can make the difference between an successful catch and one that escapes. There are multiple elements that influence its strength, such as size and shape as well as material it is constructed of. A powerful hook should also be regularly sharpened and maintained so it remains ready to use when needed.

There is a range of hook shapes and sizes, each designed for specific tasks. A needle point hook is intended to pierce fish mouths with minimal damage while spear points provide all-round versatility. Eyes of hooks must also be large enough to accommodate bait effectively.

An inferior hook can easily break off during a fight, leading to lost catch. Luckily, it is relatively straightforward to craft your own powerful fishing hook using just sticks and knives – the easiest option being the Gorge Hook with two pointed ends tied onto it that can be tied directly onto line; ideal for survival situations and can be used with any type of bait.

Another type of hook is forged hook, made of metal that has been heated and allowed to cool gradually over a period of time, known as tempering. This process must be carried out carefully so as not to cause the metal to become brittle and cause cracks within it.

When shopping for new hooks, it is also essential to keep in mind that ‘x’ standards do not necessarily correspond with standardized hook sizes; for instance a 2x hook has twice as long of a shank compared to its standard equivalents of the same size.

For an easy homemade fishing hook, start by cutting off one end of a beverage can tab and carefully separating it before cutting away a portion with a knife, leaving an angle cut that can be shaped into a hook shape. Press shut with pliers before filing away any excess wire from its tip or barb – this method of creating japanning gives the hook its final hue from bluish to brown-yellow hues.

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